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SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH »
SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH - Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise A collection of some of the currently available scientific papers and studies on Pose Method® of Running. Read »»»

DR.ROMANOV'S ARTICLES »
DR.ROMANOV'S ARTICLESDr.Romanov has written many articles. Easy to read and understand, these articles will help you understand the Pose Method® better and will introduce you to a new approach to running and training. Read »»»

POSE TRAINING ARTICLES »
POSE TRAINING ARTICLES by Dr. Nicholas Romanov - Click here to read them!A collection of short Training Articles by Dr.Romanov. A blog style section allows you to post comments and ask questions. Read »»»

BOOK CHAPTERS »
BOOK CHAPTERSSelect chapters from Dr.Romanov's books. Find out what others are raving about. Find out how to succeed in sports and stay injury free! Read »»»

BOOK REVIEWS »
Pose Method of Running BOOK REVIEWSLogin here to read the reviews for Dr.Romanov's book Pose Method® of Running. Read »»»

POSE in PRESS »
POSE in PRESSA collection of articles about Pose Method and Dr.Romanov in various publications. Read »»»

REAL STORIES/REAL PEOPLE »
Click here to visit this sectionA collection of articles on various POSE and other running related topics written by and/or about Pose Method Certified Coaches and Pose Runners of all levels. Read »»»

Pose Tech's Online Library - Click here to return to the main page SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH & POSE METHOD

Pose Method, Medicine and Science

Medicine

With a high level of success Dr. Romanov continues his work with individuals & children with various disabilities, including but not limited to spina bifida and cerebral palsy.

Members of Russian Paralympic team have achieved tremendous results with the Pose Method, including the 2nd place at the 2009 DEAFLYMPICS in Taipei.

More and more Sports and Medical Doctors worldwide are learning to offer solutions with the help of the Pose Method to their clients and patients.

In 2008, several major Health Insurance Companies in the European Union (DAK, BARMER and TKK), had acknowledged and accepted Pose Running Clinics as "a preventative measure according to German health legislation (§20 SGB V)". Contact your Health Insurance before scheduling your next training session with your local Pose Coach! We are looking forward to similar developments in the United States in the near future.

Scientific Research

There are numerous Scientific Researches & Papers that support the Pose Method developed by Dr. Romanov. Some of the research was done before the Pose Method was even developed and some was done after. A significant number Scientific Papers unrelated to Pose Method provide the support and evidence of the validity of the Pose theory behind the methodology.

The 2004 Study at Capetown University with Tim Noakes, had shown a 50% reduction of impact forces at the knee, as well as a significant reduction in vertical oscillation.

There are 5 dissertations based on the Pose Method® written in Russia, Great Britain and USA. There are more already in the works and others currently being scheduled.

  • Published in: International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 2008
    Title: Pose® Method Technique Improves Running Performance Without Economy Changes
    Abstract
    The aim was to investigate the affects of the Pose® method intervention on running technique, on economy and a time-trial runs. A 2 x 2 mixed factorial ANOVA assessed sixteen research variables where group (Heel-toe vs. Pose®) and trial (pre to post changes) was used. Significant interactions were explored using Tukey post hoc tests, which found significance (Pose® runners pre-post test) for stance time (p = 0.001), horizontal displacement of the centre of mass to support foot at 25 ms after impact (p = 0.042), centre of mass displacement during stance (p = 0.001), knee flexion angular velocity during stance (p = 0.005) and during swing to maximum knee flexion (p = 0.043) and stride frequency (p = 0.002). The Pose® group’s post-test time-trial (2400 m) was not significant yet they improved by a mean of 24.7 s compared with a 3 s decrease in the heeltoe group. No significant changes pre-post test, were found for an economy run (2400 m) at 3.35 m/s. [Click to read more >]
  • Published in: Sports Biomechanics Journal, 2007
    Title: RUNNERS DO NOT PUSH OFF THE GROUND BUT FALL FORWARDS VIA A GRAVITATIONAL TORQUE
    Abstract
    The relationship between the affect and timing of the four forces involved in running (gravity, ground reaction force, muscle force, and potential strain energy) is presented. These forces only increase horizontal acceleration of the centre ofmass during stance but not flight. The current hierarchicalmodels of running are critiqued because they do not show gravity, a constant force, in affect during stance. A new gravitational model of running is developed, which shows gravity as the motive force. Gravity is shown to cause a torque as the runner’s centre ofmassmoves forward of the support foot. Ground reaction force is not a motive force but operates according to Newton’s third law; therefore, the ground can only propel a runner forward in combination with muscle activity. However, leg and hip extensor muscles have consistently proven to be silent during leg extension (mid-terminal stance). Instead, high muscle–tendon forces at terminal stance suggest elastic recoil regains most of the centre of mass’s height. Therefore, the only external motive force from mid-terminal stance is gravity via a gravitational torque, which causes a horizontal displacement. The aim of this paper is to establish a definitive biomechanical technique (Pose® method) that is easily taught to runners (Romanov, 2002): falling forwards via a gravitational torque while pulling the support foot rapidly from the ground using the hamstring muscles. [Click to read more >]
  • Published in: Sheffield Hallam University, UK, 2007
    Title: THE POSE® METHOD: A BIOMECHANICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL COMPARISON WITH HEEL-TOE RUNNING.
    Abstract
    Research into endurance running performance (economy, optimal running biomechanics, and injury mechanisms) lacks a universal running technique; however, landing heel-toe identified eighty percent of runners. A new Gravitational hierarchical model of running was developed based upon a novel technique Pose® running, owing to deficiencies in the current hierarchical model (Hay and Reid, 1988) on the interaction of forces involved in running. A major deficiency in the current hierarchical model is viewing gravity as only active during flight. In contrast, the Gravitational hierarchical model defines a gravitational torque as the motive force in running. Ground reaction force is not a motive force but operates according to Newton's third law. The ground can only propel a runner forward via muscle activity, but leg and hip extensor muscles have consistently proven to be silent during leg extension. High Achilles tendon forces at terminal stance suggest the elastic recoil creates a re-bound effect in the vertical direction only, thus reducing work against gravity. [Click to read more >]
  • Published in: Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 2004
    Title: REDUCED ECCENTRIC LOADING OF THE KNEE WITH THE POSE RUNNING METHOD
    Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical changes during natural heel-toe running with learned midfoot and Pose running.
    Methods: Twenty heel-toe runners were instructed in midfoot running and a novel running style in which the acromium, greater trochanter, and lateral malleolus are aligned in stance (Pose running). Clinical gait analysis was performed for each running style and the biomechanical variables compared.
    Results: In comparison with midfoot and heel-toe running Pose running was characterized by shorter stride lengths and smaller vertical oscillations of the sacrum and left heel marker. Compared with midfoot and Pose running heel-toe running was characterized by greater magnitudes and loading rates of the vertical impact force. [Click to read more >]
  • Published in: Florida Atlantic University 2001
    Title: IMPACT FORCES AT THE KNEE JOINT – A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON RUNNING STYLES
    The focus of this study was to quantify changes in impact forces at the knee when changing footstrike. The subjects included 17 heelstrikers (trained=8, controls=9). The 12-week training consisted of drills that focused on landing on the midfoot as per the Pose Method of running. The kinematics variables quantified were stride rate, stride length, stance phase, and knee flexion angle at footstrike. The kinetics measured were maximum vertical ground reaction forces at the ground and at the knee joint during initial impact, and maximum loading rate. The data were analyzed with a repeated measures ANOVA with (P<0.05). Significant decreases was found in stride rate, stance phase and in all kinetic variables. These preliminary results are encouraging because they demonstrate that changing the footstrike can result in a reduction in impact forces at the knee joint. [Click to read more >]
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